Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy requires that patients undergo a general anesthesia. While operative time varies from one individual to another, the average operating time is approximately 3-4 hours.
The urethra's main job in males and females is to pass urine outside the body. This thin tube also has an important role in ejaculation for men. When a scar from swelling, injury or infection blocks or slows the flow of urine in this tube, it is called a urethral stricture. Some people feel pain with a urethral stricture.
The bladder empties through the urethra and out of the body (called voiding). The female urethra is much shorter than the male's. In males, urine must travel a longer distance from the bladder through the penis
In males, the first 1" to 2" of the urethra that urine passes through is called the posterior urethra. The posterior urethra includes:
Strictures that happen in the first 1" to 2" of the urethra that urine passes through are called posterior strictures.
In males, the final 9" to 10" of the urethra is called the anterior urethra. The anterior urethra includes:
It can be done by Urethroplasty End to End Urethroplasty Surgery & Buccal Mucosal Urethroplasty .