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Kidney Cancer

Kidney Cancer Surgery & Treatment

In the past, the typical treatment for kidney cancer was the removal of the entire kidney, called total nephrectomy. However for smaller tumors it is no longer necessary to remove the whole kidney. For select patients with small kidney tumor it is now possible to undergo a procedure called laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. This is a minimally invasive procedure wherein the tumor is removed in its entirety alongwith a rim of normal kidney tissue. This allows the patient to keep a sizeable portion of the affected kidney which is specially a boon for hypertensive and diabetic patients. For patients with larger kidney tumors the entire kidney is removed laproscopically.

What is kidney cancer?

As with all cancers, kidney cancer and benign tumors evolve from a disruption in one or more genes in a cell’s DNA. Loss of control of normal genetic cell multiplications leads to uncontrolled mass of tissue that is a tumor.Approximately 85% of all kidney cancers are renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Transitional cell cancer (TCC) of the renal pelvis is less common accounting for about 8% of diagnosed cancers.

Symptoms of Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is typically asymptomatic during much of the initial period. Individuals may notice a persistent pain in their back just below the ribs. General symptoms may include persistent fatigue, unexplained weight loss, recurrent fevers, high blood pressure (hypertension), swelling (edema) in the ankles, a feeling of poor health, and blood in the urine (hematuria).

Treatment

It can be done by Open Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy & Partial Nephrectomy Surgery.